Caring for your Indoor Garden
For experienced plant lovers and new gardeners alike, indoor gardening offers a fun and creative way to surround yourself with beautiful plant life, while actively improving your home environment.
From tropical, humidity loving plants like orchids, sansevieria, philodendron and ferns, to dry-air thriving varieties such as crassulas, aloes, and cacti, indoor gardens are far less dependent on the seasons, making year-round gardening possible no matter what climate you live in.
Although indoor gardens typically require a smaller time commitment than cultivating a vegetable garden or building an elaborate outdoor landscape, your houseplants still demand the proper level of care to flourish in your home.
So whether you’re a trained horticulturist or still waiting for your green-thumb to bloom, here are a few factors to consider when selecting and caring for the ideal houseplants for your indoor garden.
Know where the plants will go before you buy them. Observe and note the light that the space gets during the day, especially in the warmer summer months, and plan to purchase plants guaranteed to thrive in a designated space.
Low Light: If you can’t see any shadows, the area has Low Light. Low light loving plants include: Aglaonema (Chinese Evergreen), Aspidistra (Cast Iron Plant), Dracaenas (Dragon Tree Plants) and Spathiphyllum (Peace Lily).
High Light: If direct sunlight or shadows are present, the area has High Light. High light loving plants include: Banana, Bird of Paradise, Citrus, Crotons, Hoya, Cactus and Succulents.
All of the rest prefer bright, indirect light with no direct sunlight; even ferns prefer this light condition.
It is important to give your recently purchased plants at least one month to acclimate to their new environment before transplanting. When the time comes for a new pot, be sure you choose one that is appropriately sized and has good drainage.
New pots should be no more than 2” bigger around and 2” deeper than its current pot.
Most house plants like a temperature range of 60 to 75 degrees.
Many houseplants prefer a humid environment. Two simple ways to regulate the humidity in your indoor garden is to occasionally mist the houseplants with water from a spray-bottle, or group similar plants together so they’ll naturally regulate humidity levels around them.
When watering your houseplants, we recommend first bringing them outside, if possible, so not to dirty your home. Water the plants thoroughly until water drains out of the bottom of the pot, wait 15-20 minutes, then repeat.
Although most houseplants prefer to stay on the dry side, some prefer to be moist at all times, these include; African Violets, Ferns, Calathea, Baby Tears, Moss, Fittonia, Creeping Ficus, and Wandering Jews.
Room-temperature water is prefered. Giving houseplants water that is too hot will damage the roots and could send plants into shock. If the water is too cold, plants can enter dormancy, stifling vegetation.
Beware of overwatering your houseplants: if mold forms on the surface of the soil, or if there is standing water at the bottom of the container, you have overwatered and are risking the health of your plants. Drain the excess water so the plants can regulate themselves naturally.
Watering requirements change with the seasons. Keep in mind, that the less light your house gets, the colder it will be indoors and the less water plants will require, especially during the winter.